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Orange Tip (Female)-II

Orange Tip (Female)-II
Photo Information
Copyright: yildiz banu pek (star74) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 211 W: 3 N: 598] (2474)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2007-02-17
Categories: Insects
Camera: Nikon D70S, Nikkor 70-300mm f/4~f/5.6G
Exposure: f/10.0, 1/800 seconds
Photo Version: Original Version, Workshop
Date Submitted: 2007-02-21 1:39
Viewed: 3171
Points: 22
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Orange Tip (Female)
Kingdom: Animalia

Division: Rhopalocera

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Insecta

Order: Lepidoptera

Family: Pieridae

Subfamily: Pierinae

Tribe: Anthocharini

Genus: Anthocharis

Species: A. cardamines

Binomial name
Anthocharis cardamines

So named because of the male's bright orange tips to his forwings. The males are a common sight in spring flying along hedgerows and damp meadows in search of the more reclusive female which lacks the orange and is often mistaken for one of the other 'White' butterflies. The undersides are mottled green and white and create a superb camouflage when settled on flowerheads such as Cow Parsley and Garlic Mustard Alliaria petiolata. The male is able to hide his orange tips by tucking the forwings behind the hindwings at rest. If you look closely at the mottling you will see that the green colour is in fact made up of a mixture of black and yellow scales. It is found across Europe, and eastwards into temperate Asia as far as Japan. The past 30 years has seen a rapid increase in the range of the Orange Tip in the UK particularly in Scotland and Ireland, probably in response to climate change.

The female lays eggs singly on the flowerheads of Cuckooflower Cardimine pratensis and Garlic Mustard and many other species of wild Crucifers. Females are attracted to larger flowers, such as Hesperis matronalis, even though some such species are poor larval hosts. Selection of foodplants is triggered by the presence of mustard oils, which are detected by chemosensory hairs on the fore-legs. Reproductive rate of females appears to be limited by difficulties in finding suitable hosts. As a consequence, the species has evolved to use a wide range of crucifers. The eggs are white to begin with but change to a bright orange after a few days before darkening off just before hatching. Because the larvae feed almost exclusively on the flowers and developing seedpods there is rarely enough food to support more than one larvae per plant. If two larvae meet one will often be eaten by the other to eliminate its competitor. Newly hatched larvae will also eat unhatched eggs for the same reason. To stop eggs from being laid on plants already laid on the female leaves a pheromone to deter future females from laying. There are five larval instars. The green and white caterpillar is attacked by several natural enemies (notably Tachinid flies and Braconid wasps). Pupation occurs in early summer in scrubby vegetation near the foodplant, where they stay to emerge the following spring. Recent research suggests that the emergence of the butterfly may be delayed for as much as two years, thus ensuring the species against unfavourable conditions in a given season.


phlr, fiyo, scottevers7, dew77, RAP, izler, sgo has marked this note useful
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ThreadThread Starter Messages Updated
To gerhardt: Hellostar74 1 02-23 07:57
To ramthakur: Hellostar74 1 02-21 11:12
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Critiques [Translate]

Hello Yildiz
Very nice shot of this butterfly,
Perfect compo and lighting,Welldone.


  • Great 
  • fiyo Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1053 W: 5 N: 3475] (15161)
  • [2007-02-21 4:59]

Merhaba Yıldız hanım,
çok net çok güzel bir kelebek fotoğrafı; iyi bir makro için gereken unsurların çoğunu taşıyor. Tebrikler.

Hi Yildiz,
Good sharpness and composition.
Well done

Hi Yildiz,
An excellent frame filling composition on this female Orange Tip.
Exposure looks to be spot on. Colors and detail are really good. Well controled DOF has the butterfly sharp and a pleasing OOF backround.
Nice work!

  • Great 
  • dew77 Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4432 W: 248 N: 4028] (13270)
  • [2007-02-21 7:57]

Merhaba Yildiz,
Bu da çok güzel bir kelebek makrosu.Detaylar,pozlama,arka plan 4/4 lük.Selamlar,ellerine sağlık!

Do you know that you are a better photographer than your brother and husband, Yildiz :-)? (Don't tell them!)
Sorry for the crack; it's in good humour. Volkan and Izler are capable artists in their own rights.
You have captured this Orange Tip in a semi-open wing stance from the top, so the orange tip is obscured. Nevertheless, it does not lessen the appeal of this great shot.
Well done and TFS.

  • Great 
  • Mana Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1772 W: 36 N: 5597] (18598)
  • [2007-02-21 12:40]

Hi Yildiz,
Fine capture of this orange tip. I love the pose, soft lighting and the sharp details too much. The DOF and POV are also great. Perfectly composed. Kudos.

  • Great 
  • RAP Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2524 W: 345 N: 2373] (7405)
  • [2007-02-22 5:48]

Interesting macro Yildiz with good control of white balance and correct DOF.

Composition: ****
Sharpness: ****
Color: *****
Lighting: ****
Background: *****
Framing: *** (the wing too much tight to the left)
DOF: *****
Focus: *****
POV: ****
Framed: ***
Note: *****

Obtained POV allows to observe good details of the eyes and wings of the insect.
Thank you and greetings... Ricardo

Hello Yildiz,
I love those tones of colors a lot and this great contrast between the green and the white of its wings. Details and composition are superb. This lightning and environment are very natural. This is really beautiful! Congratulations,

  • Great 
  • izler Gold Star Critiquer [C: 1387 W: 3 N: 9] (44)
  • [2007-02-22 16:02]

selam star
bu guzel kelebegi; kompozisyonu, bakis acisi, arka plani, alan derinligi hissi, renkleri, detaylari, bilgi notu ve cercevesi basarili bir sekilde hazirlamissin
eline saglik

It is a very good macro. Nice composition, details and OOF BG. The exposure is a bit under but I corrected it in Photoshop and uploaded a WS, I hope you don't mind.

  • Great 
  • sgo Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 137 W: 32 N: 239] (718)
  • [2007-03-05 3:52]

Hi Yildiz,
Your presentation of the female Orange Tip is very well done and attractive! The composition and the perspective from which you've succeeded to get such an excellent shot, considering how difficult the white colours are, is a great achievement. It's a very nice and pleasant picture to view and a good note to come with it. TFS,

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