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Maniola jurtina


Maniola jurtina
Photo Information
Copyright: Luciano Gollini (lousat) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6513 W: 89 N: 15622] (65349)
Genre: Animals
Medium: Color
Date Taken: 2019-06-05
Categories: Insects
Camera: Sony Cybershot DSC HX200V
Map: [view]
Photo Version: Original Version
Date Submitted: 2019-06-05 7:30
Viewed: 163
Points: 20
[Note Guidelines] Photographer's Note
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
(unranked): Rhopalocera
Superfamily: Papilionoidea
Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Satyrinae
Tribe: Satyrini
Subtribe: Maniolina
Genus: Maniola
Species: M. jurtina

The Meadow Brown (Maniola jurtina) is a butterfly found in European meadows, where its larvae feed on grasses, such as Sheep's Fescue.
Similar species are Gatekeeper (which prefers to rest with its wings open) and Small Heath (which is smaller).
There is marked sexual dimorphism in this species. Males are less colorful, with smaller eyespots and much reduced orange areas on the upper forewings. They are also much more active and range far about, while females fly less and often may not away from the area where they grew up.
A variable number of smaller eyespots are usually found on the hindwing undersides. These may number up to 12 per individual butterfly, with up to 6 on each wing. The factors that govern polymorphism in this trait are not resolved, although a number of theories have been proposed (Stevens 2005). On the other hand, the evolutionary significance of the upperwing eyespots is more obvious: The more active males have a markedly more cryptic upperside pattern, whereas the females have more often opportunity to present their eyespots in a sudden display of colors and patterns that presumably make neophobic predators hesitate so that the butterfly has better chances of escaping.

MANIOLA JURTINA
Maniola jurtina (Linnaeus 1758)
Descrizione
Lepidottero di medie dimensioni caratterizzato dalla livrea marrone-scuro e con sulle ali anteriori un ocello preapicale con pupilla, presente anche sulla pagina inferiore ove spicca sul colore di fondo ocra. Le ali posteriori presentano, di sotto, una colorazione giallo-grigia più uniforme nel maschio, marcata, nella femmina, da una fascia postdiscale chiara contenente una serie di puntini scuri.
Biologia
La larva svernante riprende all'inizio dell'estate la sua attività compiendo subito dopo la metamorfosi. Generalmente un'unica generazione con sfarfallamenti che si protraggono per tutta l'estate fino ad ottobre. Il bruco ha tegumento verde-giallastro dorsalmente, più scuro ventralmente, con i fianchi percorsi da una linea biancastra sotto gli stigmi. Testa verde-bluastra. Conduce attività notturna nutrendosi di Graminacee (Poa, Agrostis, Bromus ecc.).
Distribuzione ed ecologia
Con alcune sottospecie copre un vasto areale che dalle isole Canarie si estende all'Asia Minore e all'Iran. In Europa si spinge fino alla Scandinavia. Presente ovunque in Italia (subsp. hispulla), dalla pianura ai 1500 m.
Specie comune nel territorio, ove frequenta ambienti assolati e campagne coltivate.

marine-coeur, mamcg, pierrefonds has marked this note useful
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Critiques [Translate]

Ciao Luciano, la stavo aspettando questa splendida maniola su un bellissimo fiore, ma sai che quest'anno non son riuscito a fare neanche questa? Pero ora sembra che il meteo si sia aggiustato e nei prossimi giorni ci riprovo, con questa qualità e con questa fantastica luce hai fatto venir bella anche la Maniola, bravissimo, ciao Silvio

Hi Luciano,
Lights and contrast are really awesome on this pic. Breathtaking wide aperture photo with perfect usage of built-in flash. Gorgeous!
Kind regards from Ireland, László

Another stunning and correct photo... by great details, as always lights and 3Ds play a great scene well done
LUCIANO GOLLINI

ciao Luciano
une très belle composition, belle mise en valeur du papillon de profil. Bonne gestion du rendu des couleurs.
Bonne journée
Roland

  • Great 
  • mamcg Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 332 W: 12 N: 90] (9698)
  • [2019-06-06 7:44]

The perfect catch, the contrast of both subjects turned this more attractive, about the sharpness no words and also the exposure and composition.
TFS.

Hello Luciano,
I think the only specie with enormous number of members in my region which I am not afraid that will disappear because of some reason....
Fantastic clarity and details. Very nice capture.
Marius.

Bonjour Luciano,

La fleur aide au cadrage de l'insecte. La prise de vue permet de voir les détails du papillon Myrtil. La lumière rehausse la beauté des couleurs. Bonne journée.

Pierre

Fantastic shot Luciano. I was remembering you when I was visiting Sattal recently. There were so many butterflies roaming around and one accompany me (seating in my finger) in the car throughout the journey.

Biswarup

  • Great 
  • PeterZ Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5137 W: 166 N: 13121] (49139)
  • [2019-06-07 6:25]

Hello Luciano,
A photo for a butterfly encyclopedia. Perfection all over. Can't gat better.
Regards,
Peter

Hello Luciano,
Another beautiful butterfly and well captured. I like the way you framed it. Nice light.
Thanks and regards,
Srikumar

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