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Crooked Tooth (14)
Pikkie (44)
This is my first posting on TN and I’m looking forward to getting to know everyone that’s part of TN. Most of you know my wife Natley(Mamagolo2) and we’ve met Loot and Anna in the Kruger National Park during their much deserved holiday in September.
I took this photo Tuesday 26/01/2010 at the Sabledam – Kruger National Park. It was my birthday and I had the afternoon off. My wife suggested that I spend the afternoon in the park as it is so close to home and I’m glad I did because I could take this photo of the elephant with this unusual tusk growing abnormally to the side. It’s quite interesting to see an elephant with tusks like this one. I always wonder what happened in his younger days that caused this tusk to grow like this.
Some interesting facts about elephant tusks by The EleAid Trustees

Ivory Tusks – A Blessing and Curse
An elephants’ tusks are a blessing and curse. Blessing because they give a elephants a true majesty that rise them above other animals as well and being of use for various tasks. A curse because man’s avarice for ivory has led to the senseless slaughter of hundred of thousands of the magnificent animals.
One of the key differences between African and Asian elephants is the tusks. All African elephants, male and female have tusk whereas only some Asian males have tusks. About 50% of Asian females have short tusks known as tushes. Unlike proper tusks tushes have no pulp inside.

What is a tusk?
Usually in mammals tusks are enlarged canine teeth but in elephants they are actually elongated incisors. Tusks are essentially no different from other teeth. A third of the tusk is actually hidden from view, embedded deep into the elephant’s head. This part of the tusk is a pulp cavity made up of tissue, blood and nerves. The visible, ivory part of the tusk is made of dentine with an outer layer of enamel. Elephant ivory is unique which when viewed in cross-section reveals criss-cross lines that form a series of diamond shapes. Elephants tusk never stop growing so some old bulls display enormous examples. However the average size of tusks has decreased over the past hundred years because hunting elephants for their ivory has resulted in the ‘big tusk gene’ becoming increasingly rare.

What are tusk used for?
Elephants use their tusks for a variety of tasks. Principally they are formidable weapons against potential predators like the tiger (although tigers will only ever attack young or juvenile elephants) or in battle against other elephants. They are also used to aid foraging, digging, stripping bark and moving things out of the way. Trained logging elephants are capable of lifting large logs with their tusks. There is also a display element to tusks and they can attract the interest of females.
Evidence suggests that elephants normally prefer one tusk over the other, similar to being left or right handed in humans. The preferred tusk is known as the master tusk.
Hunting for Ivory
Ivory poaching for tusks are the main reason that elephants have been so heavily hunted. Elephant ivory has been used in huge amounts to make billiards balls, piano keys, identification chops and many other uses. Although hunting for ivory has been much more severe in Africa, on account of both males and females having tusks, there is no doubt that hunting and poaching has had an effect on the elephant numbers in Asia. In 1989 the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) banned the ivory trade putting hunting outside the law. Poaching does still take place but in most of the Asian elephants range it is under control.
Comments are welcome.

Altered Image #2

Pikkie (44)
Adobe PhotoShop CS2 - Image 1
Edited by:loot Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5524 W: 722 N: 4163] (11276)

Hi Marius

Just a couple of suggestions that hopefully may assist you in future. Remember, with the original image you could readdress these suggestions and obtain a far improved result.

1. CW rotation by 4° to level the road, to get the elephant to stand upright, and to try and compensate for the angle of the 2 prominent trees in the BG. The red lines were added to highlight a few of these affected aspects. I left the 1st workshop un-cropped so you can see the impact of the rotation and the 2nd workshop I cropped in an attempt to provide a full-framed or normalised image.
2. Adjusted the "Levels" to compensate for the glare and especially to tone down on the very bright (fluorescent green) vegetation in the BG. From the lack of any shade below the elephant I concluded that it must have been an overcast day. This can cause an enormous amount of glare from the white clouds which sometimes trick the camera sensor with the result being an overburdening exposure.
3. I then added some "Contrast" = +8.
4. I increased the blue spectrum to override the overall green cast by adding 8% of the "Cooling Filter (82)" function and added 1 step of magenta in "Variations".
5. Applied the "Shadows & Highlights" tool to reduce the temperature of the bright road surface, but also to remove some more glare from the vegetation.
6. The 2nd WS was cropped and resized.

I hope you like the results and maybe gained something from these attempts.

Best regards

Altered Image #1

Pikkie (44)
Adobe PhotoShop CS2 - Image 2
Edited by:loot Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5524 W: 722 N: 4163] (11276)

Hi Marius

As mentioned this was just to provide a full-framed or normalised image to compensate for the reduction factor of the rotation applied to the image.

Best regards