Parides sesostris - CRAMER, 1779 (38)
|Sesostris Cattle-heart, |
Parides sesostris (CRAMER, 1779)
Today is public holiday in Venezuela, 200 years ago, was signed our Declaration of Independence. Today is the feast of the Bicentennial! ... Thanks to which I have no work today! ... Then I decided to go for a walk very early in the morning, luckily I took my little Canon compact! Some kilometers from mi house, in the grass growing at the roadside, I spotted this huge butterfly. She was in a difficult place to take the shot, but fortunately she was sluggish due to low temperatures and low sunlight. Finally I could take a picture of this butterfly with relative calm, before I had only seen this flying, flying and flying non-stop.
Species: P. sesostris
Binomial name: Parides sesostris (Cramer, 1779)
Introduction: Parides, and the related genera Battus and Euryades are not true Swallowtails, but are members of the Troidini, the same tribe to which the giant Ornithoptera Birdwings of Papua New Guinea belong.
There are 34 members of the genus Parides, all of which are confined to tropical and sub-tropical areas of Central and South America. They are characterised by having elongated blackish forewings, marked on the males of most species with brilliant patches of turquoise or lime green, and on the females with cream. The hindwings in most species are marked with bright pink patches, and are generally rounded and without tails, but with a scalloped outer margin.
There are exceptions to these general rules, e.g. Parides hahneli which has a series of broad transparent bands across the forewings, and long tails on the hindwings. Another exception is Parides quadratus which has black forewings and large golden patches on the hindwings, and is very reminiscent of the Troides Birdwings of tropical Asia.
Parides sesostris is a common species found from Mexico to Bolivia.
Habitats: This species occurs primarily in primary rainforest, at altitudes between sea level and about 1200m. There are small populations on the western slopes of the Andes, but it is much more frequent on the eastern slopes and in the Amazon basin.
Lifecycle: The eggs are globular, and laid singly on the leaves of young Aristolochia plants.
The caterpillar when fully grown is mottled in dull ochreous with blackish spotting. The tubercles are dark reddish brown, except those on segments 8 and 11, which are white.
The pupa is bright lime green, flushed with pale yellow on the wing cases.
Adult behaviour: The butterflies are usually encountered along forest edges, and where light gaps occur at the intersections of trails. Both sexes visit flowers on sunny mornings, and males occasionally mud-puddle on riverbanks, but most sightings are of males in flight or basking on foliage.
About this shot:
Model: Canon PowerShot SX110 IS
Exposure Time: 1/251
ISO Speed Ratings: 200
Focal Length: 9100/1000 mm
Date Taken: 2011-07-05 08:01
Metering Mode: Center Weighted Average
Flash: Flash did not fire
File Size: 246 k