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Coenonympha pamphilus (18)
semprempe Silver Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 34 W: 4 N: 140] (974)
Small Heath (butterfly)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Small Heath

Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Coenonympha
Species: C. pamphilus
Binomial name
Coenonympha pamphilus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
The Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus is a butterfly species belonging to the family Nymphalidae, (subfamily Satyrinae, commonly known as "the Browns"). It is widespread in Eurasia and northwestern Africa, preferring drier habitats than other Coenonymphae. The larval host plants are grasses, notably Sheep's Fescue and rough meadow grass Poa trivialis.


The butterfly loosely resembles a small Meadow Brown, but the brown colour of the wings appears noticeably paler in flight. Unlike the Meadow Brown and other common members of Satyrinae, the Small Heath is a lateral basker, only ever resting with its wings closed and angled at 90 to the sun.
The larvae have lifespans of varying length, even within the same climate, thus the imagines of one generation may be seen over a long period. The butterfly usually has two, occasionally three, broods and is on the wing from mid May until early October (late June to mid August in colder climates). The insect overwinters in its larval stage.

Altered Image #1

semprempe Silver Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 34 W: 4 N: 140] (974)
Photoshop CS5 - highlights.
Edited by:Merlin Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 445 W: 267 N: 455] (1713)

A very simple process here, with only one step.
Adobe Photoshop CS5.

Image, adjustments.. "shadows and highlights"... [email protected] 0, highlights +25. Done.