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Tadorna tadorna (4)
amanengone Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 188 W: 54 N: 412] (2113)
The subjet

Tadorna tadorna ((Linnaeus, 1758) (Tadorne de Belon)

Scientific classification

• Règne : Animalia
• Embranchement : Chordata
• Sous-embranchement : Vertebrata
• Classe : Aves
• Sous-classe :
• Ordre : Anseriformes
• Famille : Anatidae
• Sous-famille :
• Genre : Tadorna

Phylogenetic classification

• Biota / Eucaryotes / ……… / Métazoaires /……….. / Bilatériens / Deuterostomiens / ………….. / Chordés / ………….. / ………….. / Vertébrés / …………… / …………… / Sarcoptérigyens / …………… / …………… / Amniotes / Sauropsides / ……………. / Archosauriens / Aves / …………… / Galloansérés / Ansériformes / Anatidae / Tadorna

Brief description of the bird

This very common bird has a terrestrial and aquatic life; he still frequents the edges of shallow freshwater areas with sparse vegetation, as can be seen in the photograph. It presents an easily identifiable aspect, colourful white, black, dark green, light auburn; that's why it is sometimes referred to as "gaudy duck." The head is dark (dark green appearing black). The neck is white. The beak is bright red. The upper breast is red. The back and wings and tail are black and white. The wings are white, black, green and red. The red beak from the male shows a protuberance on the top.

Ecology and biology

Sedentary and gregarious bird in France, it performs in the middle of the year (July) a moult migration to northern Europe, in the Wadden Sea (Seaside German, Danish and Netherlands). Here gather almost all Tadorna from Europe, having become incapable of flying the time to moult. They gather in huge mudflats of this place for mutual protection, before returning home after having moulted. This is a fairly omnivorous bird, feeding on small crustaceans, molluscs, marine devers insects and plant material algae and small aquatic plants.

Extension area

It can be observed in large areas of the globe. Are exempt from some African countries (Central and South), Australia and Papua New Guinea as well as the Americas (where you can meet other tadornes). IUCN conservation status is "least concern".

Sources

• Links
o http://www.oiseaux.net/oiseaux/tadorne.de.belon.html
o http://www.attiredailes.be/pdf/ornitho/ornitho_initition-identification.pdf
o http://www.tourduvalat.org/sites/default/files
o http://www.parcornithologique.com/
o http://www.oiseaux-birds.com/dossier-descr-oiseau-plumage.html (un très beau site avec des dossiers précis : ici, la morphologie du plumage des oiseaux – à voir)
o http://www.oiseaux-birds.com/fiche-tadorne-belon.html
o https://www.allaboutbirds.org/
o http://tolweb.org/Neornithes/15834 (classification phylogénétique des oiseaux des oiseaux)
o http://www.evolution-biologique.org/biodiversite/arbre-de-la-vie.html
o http://palaeos.com/ (l’histoire de la terre)

• Further readings
o Guide ornitho – Lars Svenson / Killian Mullarney et Dan Zetterström – Éditions Delachaux et Niestlé
o Les oiseaux de France – Jean-Claude Chantelat – Solar édition
o Les oiseaux de Méditerranée – Paul Sterry – Edisud/La Compagnie des Éditions de la Lesse
o La Garrigue grandeur nature – Jean-Marie Renault – Les Création du Pélican / Vilo
o Précis de Sciences Biologiques - Zoologie / Vertébrés – P.P.Grassé et Ch.Devillers – Masson et Compagnie
o Classification phylogénétique du vivant – G.Lecointre et H.Le Guyader – Tomes 1 et 2 – Belin éditeur

The photography

• Date of shooting 08/07/2014 10:13:42

• Equipment

o Camera OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Modèle E-M1
o Objectif ZUIKO MinFocalLength 50 MaxFocalLength 200 Aperture 1: 2,8 - 3,5

• Picture specifications

o ImageWidth 4640
o ImageLength 3472
o BitsPerSample 16
o Compression 1
o Orientation 1
o Samples Per Pixel 1

• Shooting conditions

o Source of light Sahde
o Metering mode Center weighted average
o Picture mode Vivid
o Exposure mode Shuter priority
o Focus mode Manual
o Focus process AF not used
o Aperture f/9.8
o ExposureTime 1/2000
o ISOSpeedRatings 1000
o FocalLength 200
o White BalanceTemp 7500°K (Fine weather with shade)
o NoiseReduction 0
o ShadingCompensation 0
o Contrast 0
o Saturation High
o Sharpness Hard
o Mode image Vivid

Post processing

• Processing of the raw Olympus (orf) par DxO OpticsPro 11

• Light

o Exposure compensation priorité haute lumière – fort
o DxO smart lighting uniform – light – intensity 25
o DxO clear view intensity 50
o Micro contraste 50
o High light 0
o Medium light 0
o Ombres 0
o Vigneting Auto, basé sur optique référencée

• Couleur

o White balance 5200°K - Teinte 0
o Colour accentuation vibrance 0 saturation 0
o Colour rendering Camera detected, intensity 100

• Details

o Noise reduction prime, luminance 60 – chrominance 100 – Basse fréquence 75 – Pixel morts 24
o Lens sharpness Globale 0.00 – Details 50 – Bokeh 75
o Chromatic aberations Auto – Lateral – Intensity 100 – Size 6 – Flare OK
o Sharpness Intensity 100 – Radius 2.01- Level 4 – Side 1

• Framing

o Horizon 0.00°
o Reframing Manuel, proportions 4/3
o Recroping area of 1495 x 1121 off 4640 x 3472

Publication

• Processing of the .tiff file created in corel paintshop pro
• Improvement of the contrast (sizing according Treaknature policy (max 800x800 – 300K)
• Framing of the picture
• Jpg conversion – compression mode normal - intensity 10 – mode YCbCr 1x1 1x1 1x1

Altered Image #1

amanengone Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 188 W: 54 N: 412] (2113)
Another view
Edited by:amanengone Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 188 W: 54 N: 412] (2113)

Another view of the same photo - different refdraming.

Which one do you like better?