Philaeus chrysops (10)
|Philaeus chrysops male Poda, 1761|
Philaeus chrysops is a small size jumping spider 7–12 millimetres (0.28–0.47 in) in lenght, but 5 mm small males do occur. Unusual for spiders, the males are often bigger. The sexes differ extremely: males are very colorful with a glaringly red opisthosoma (chrysops means "golden eye" in Greek). The males have a dark brown cephalothorax with two broad longitudinal white stripes behind the rear eyes. The abdomen is bright orange-red on the back and the sides, with a longitudinal black stripe in the center and black shoulders. The long, slender legs are dark with the patellae and most of the tibiae of the first two pairs bright orange-red. The cephalothorax of the female is similar to the male, but with much smaller white stripes (see in WS). The back of her abdomen is largely covered with a very broad brown band with two narrow longitudinal white stripes and a few white marks near the sides.
Distribution: warm places of the Palaearctic region, common in the Mediterranean, reaching into South China. Absent from the northern part of Europe.
Origin of name from greek mythology and language: Φίλαιος / Philaeus is the son of Αἴας / Aias or Ajax, king of Megara. He is the first of his family to become an Athenian citizen. Χρυσός / chrysos = gold and ὤψ / ops = eye, face.